Endoscopy is a procedure where a thin, lighted tube is inserted into the uterus to examine it for infections, diseases or any abnormalities. The two frequently carried out endoscopy procedures are hysteroscopy and laparoscopy.
- Hysteroscopy inspects the uterine cavity by passing the endoscope through the cervix. It diagnoses problems in the cavity of the uterus and serves as a method for correction for most problems.
- Conditions treated through hysteroscopy include tumours like polyps, fibroids and abnormalities like septum.
- Laparoscopy places endoscope in the abdominal cavity, generally through the umbilicus to visualise the uterus, tubes, ovaries and the pelvis. The patency of the tubes is also checked at the same time by injecting a blue dye.
- Certain abnormalities like fibroids, endometriosis, and adhesions can also be treated at the same time.